Amethyst is the birthstone for February. It is a kind of quartz that comes in all shades of purple. These tones can range from a very light lavender to a deep, dark royal purple colour.
Ancient Greeks believed this stone protected the person wearing it from drunkenness and helped keep the wearer clear-headed and sober-minded. Legend has it that the god of wine, Dionysus wanted to punish men for disregarding his creation because of their overindulgence and mindless drinking Dionysus descended from Mount Olympus and punished the first person he encountered, turning this person into white quartz. This human was said to be a beautiful woman named Amethyst. He immediately felt remorse over what he had done when he saw the woman and began to cry tears of wine over her statue.As the wine seeped through the white quartz, it changed color from white to purple.
Legend has it that all Amethyst stones originate from this statue. Because of this association with the Greek god of wine, ancient Greeks believed that Amethyst protects you against intoxication.